Archaic Age
(3000 - 2650 BC)

1st dynasty (3000 - 2770 BC)

Aha (Menes)

The "Fighter" According to the tradition he is the state-forming king of Egypt, the founder of the city of Memphis (originally referred to as Ineb-hedj i.e. "White Wall")

Djer

Wadjet
Udimu (Den)
Adjib or Anendjib
Semerkhet
Qa (or Kaa)

2nd dynasty (2770 - 2650 BC)

Hetepsekhemwy

Reneb

Ninetjer
Uneg
Peribsen Instead of the Horus-name he adopted a Seth-name which is a doubtless and rough violation on the traditions and also considered to be heresy. In the background, there must be a seriously critical internal situation and possibly a struggle for the throne, which however did not break the development though endangered the union.
Senedje

Possibly reigned simultaneously with Peribsen

Nubnefer

Possibly reigned simultaneously with Peribsen

Khasekhem "Power is Rising" - He used Horus-name again.
Khasekhemwy

"Two Powers Are Rising"
Adopted both the Horus and Seth-names. Possibly identical with Khasekhem. The reign over Two Lands was centralised in one hand again.

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